Maps

The image below shows the northeast part of the Hare map of  1634 – the oldest to show a fragment of Bernards Heath, shaded in pale green. At that time it was called Barnett Heath with the town gallows pictured on the top right corner of the map.  The map also shows that Barnett Heath was outside the boundary of the borough of St Albans (heavy black line).

hare_map

Northeast section of the Hare map of 1634. Bold black lines indicate the St Albans boundary. The latter is now in a different position.

The original of this map is in the care of the St Albans Museum but a colour copy hangs in the Maltings Library (at the far end, on the right-hand wall above the map cabinets). It is also reproduced as the frontispiece for ‘An archaeological strategy for historic centre of St Albans’ (2005). The map is also reproduced, in colour, on pages 148–149 of St Albans: a history by Mark Freeman (Carnegie Publishing 2008) ISBN 978-1-859-36139-9 (hardback), 978-1-859-36190-0 (paperback).


1883 OS map

Part of the 1883 OS Map showing the Eastern side of the Heath, with the Midland Railway line passing over Beach Bottom Dyke.
The scale was 6″ to one mile, but will be different on your screen.

 

Western section of the map above

 


1898 Ordnance Survey map

The Heath in detail and sections around the Ancient Briton junction and the Stonecross area are shown below:

ancient_briton

Northern extent of the 1898 OS map. There was no Beech Road at that time.

 

stonecross_area

Bernards Heath around the Stonecross area.


1843 Tithe Map

A vector redrawn part of the 1843 Sandridge Parish Tithe map showing properties adjacent to Bernard Heath (sic). The original map is held at the HALS library in Hertford.

Tithe Apportionments* for the map above

A R P £ s d
534 Earl Spencer Robert Smith Hither Upper Jennings A 11 1 35 13 5
539 .. .. Sandpit Field A 10 3 9 17 8
540 .. .. Seven and Eight Acres A 17 1 2 1 0 6
541 .. .. GallowsField A 12 1 24 16 6
542 .. .. Cutbert Mead G 9 0 2 13 5
543 .. .. Close Adjoining Windmill Farm G 3 0 27 10 3
544 .. .. A Close G 1 3 23 6 1
545 John Oakes owner Waterworks House and garden - 2 7 2 0
546 George Alfred Muskett Robert Weetley House and garden - 1 1 22
547 Earl Spencer Robert Smith Farmhouse buildings garden and orchard - 4 1 22 7 0
548 Thomas Burningham Widow Brown Harvey Close G 3 0 0 4 4
549 Charles Forman Gape John Field Little Meadow on Bernard Heath G 2 3 29
550 Thomas Burningham Widow Brown Four Acres A 4 2 25
551 .. .. Ten Acres A 9 1 21
552 .. .. Brick Close A 3 1 33
554 .. .. Twelve Acres A 13 0 5
556 .. .. Twelve Acres A 13 1 23
557 .. .. Nine Acres A 10 1 23
558 .. .. Dead Womans Hill A 3 3 35
560 Earl Spencer Robert Smith Bottom Close and Ten Acres A 15 0 7 17 5

*Areas are in acres, rods and perches, A, R, P, where 1 acre = 4 rods = 160 perches and 1 acre = 4840 square yards.
Not all payments to the vicar are listed.


2010 OS Explorer map of St Albans and Hatfield at a 1:25,00 scale shows Bernards Heath, but not in much detail.


Streetmap online  has the advantage over above OS map in that streets are named and it can show more detail by zooming in.


The Google aerial map below shows the woodland areas on the Heath quite well, and a larger area of the Heath is outlined by a white broken line. The exact extent of the Heath is unknown. Part of Beech Bottom Dyke is outlined in red.

Hare map of 1634



Interpretation map

This shows the Heath schematically with brief notes about its history.
Slightly different maps of this type can be found on the interpretation boards on Sandridge Road, Harpenden Road  and Townsend Drive which were installed by the Friends of Bernards Heath.  These are currently being updated (2017).

interpretation_map